The Chinese Proficiency Courses and Tests, Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi or HSK, are The People's Republic of China's only standardized Chinese courses for non-native speakers.
Putonghua, also named Standard Mandarin, Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Chinese, also known as Mandarin, Hanyu, Guoyu and Modern Standard Mandarin, is a standardized variety of Chinese and the official language of the People's Republic of China, and is one of the four official languages of Singapore, Chinese is also one of the official languages in Hong Kong.
The HSK.HK courses are structured to six levels, from Breakthrough to Mastery. It corresponds to the level of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) which is a standard, international scale of levels for language learning.
(Advanced with Honors)
|Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.||C2|
|Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.||C1|
(Intermediate with Honors)
|Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.||B2|
|Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.||B1|
(Elementary with Honors)
|Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.||A2|
|Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.||A1|
Table: HSK.HK Model
The HSK certificates are recognized in China and the world.
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